Removal or reduction of harmful environmental factors is generally an important aspect of a strategy for improving health conditions.

A number of problematic environmental factors are linked to buildings. Poor indoor air may therefore by essential for the development of major diseases such as asthma and allergies. These diseases have markedly increased in incidence in Denmark in recent decades. In addition, the indoor climate in buildings is also important for the occurrence of serious cardiovascular diseases and cancer.

Indoor covers physical conditions such as temperature, lighting and air exchange and a number of chemical and microbiological impacts (pollution). We are exposed to many influences from the indoor environment through air pollution, noise, features, bad light, etc. A number of engineering choices in the design, construction, maintenance and operation of buildings have an impact on indoor climate and hence impact on users' health, their well-being and their performance. The engineering choice affects various features of indoor environment including air change, humidity, particle concentration and the concentration of chemical contaminants in indoor air.

The knowledge base on the indoor area is inadequate and does not sufficiently provide knowledge to predict risk assessment and planning the indoor climate characteristics to promote health. The insufficient knowledge means that the effort for healthy buildings in the design, execution and operation cannot be adequately determined. There is a lack of knowledge in this area.

Center activities focus in the proposal of the indoor housing. The reason is that

  • dwellings represent the bulk of building mass (60%).
  • we on average spend just a little over 16 hours in our own homes
  • indoor climate impact of housing has not been studied in practically the same magnitude as for workplace and school environments

Centers activities will focus on key factors affecting indoor climate and health in dwellings: Moisture conditions, particles in the air, and chemical pollution. The Center's overall goal is to develop knowledge of these factors and their interaction to create a better knowledge base for planning healthier dwellings and thus improving residents' health.

CISBO will focus on:

  • To increase our knowledge of moisture on health in order to establish a foundation for a better control of humidity conditions and control of secondary pollutants, for example microorganisms which is dependent on moisture in buildings.
  • To increase our knowledge of particles impact on health in order to create preconditions for a limitation of indoor air containing harmful particles.
  • To increase our knowledge about chemicals on health with a view to reducing the chemical contamination of indoor air.

We consider the general population and vulnerable groups with special needs, which can be taken into account when constructing new homes or renovations carried out in the existing housing stock. Children, people with allergies/asthmatics, people with chronic lung disease and heart disease are examples of particularly sensitive groups, which will constitute an increasing proportion of the population in the coming years. We sought to provide recommendations that can be applied in housing for the benefit of the whole population. Actions that benefit the most vulnerable groups will also have a positive impact on the general population.